In order to grow properly, your plants need nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The three musketeers as we call them in groundskeeper maintenance terminology.
More times than not your plants can get these from their natural surroundings. But if that is not possible, you can supplement their food with fertilizer.
Fertilizers are sold with varying ratios of the aforementioned three nutrients. Identified with three numbers on packages, such as 5-10-5, the ratios indicate the percentage of the following:
N = Nitrogen fuels and boosts leaf and stem growth.
P = Phosphorus stimulates root growth and seed formation.
K = Potassium promotes flowering, fruiting, and disease resistance.
How To Fertilize Your Garden
Foliar Feeding – Add a liquid or powdered water-soluble fertilizer to the water. Spray or pour directly on leaves using a pump sprayer or watering can. Either will work fine.
Granular, Slow Release – Sprinkle granular fertilizer on the soil in the spring and it will feed garden plants all summer. Nutrients in granular fertilizers may be derived from natural sources or synthesized in a laboratory. Synthetic nutrients are coated to slow their release rate.
Organic – These organic fertilizers are formulated from a wide number of natural materials such as plant manures, seaweed, fish meal, rock phosphate, and wood ashes. Organic fertilizers release more nutrients into the soil in hotter weather, when plants most need the help.
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